This web site is designed to be your complete resource for questions about how your shoulder works, and what happens when it doesn't. The information on this site has been written and reviewed by many orthopedic surgeons who specialize in sports medicine, shoulder injuries, and shoulder surgery. To learn more about shoulder anatomy and your shoulder injury, click on the tabs at the top of the screen, or start here to work you way through the site.
How your shoulder works...
The shoulder is the most mobile and flexible joint in the human body. We all depend upon our shoulders for a very important reason -- the shoulder joint is what allows us to control where we can move our hands in order to use them. There is a very fine balance between mobility and stability in the shoulder that allows us to have freedom of movement throughout our entire lives. Although there are many reasons why this balance can be upset, the causes of the more common shoulder injuries, shoulder pain and problems are easy to understand if you gain a little knowledge about shoulder anatomy. Read more.
Why do rotator cuff tears happen?
The movement of the arm and the shoulder are controlled by a group of four muscles called the rotator cuff. They control the way in which the arm is internally and externally rotated, and lifted up and down. At the end of each muscle is a tendon that attaches to the bone. Tears in these tendons are called rotator cuff tears. This type of shoulder injury is a common cause of shoulder pain and weakness. Read more.
After you and your surgeon have decided that shoulder surgery is right for you, you are likely to have a lot of questions about what is involved with shoulder surgery, how you can get ready, and what you can expect after your surgery. Read more.